What religious texts & science say about the existence of other intelligent physical beings out there in the universe
Many people are fascinated by the possible existence of extra-terrestrial life, especially human-like physical beings outside the borders of the Earth.
On one side there are people who are sure about the past or present existence of spiritual beings such as Angels, Archangels, Cherubims, Elders (the great ones who reside at GOD’s throne), divine spirits, nature spirits, human spirits, demons, etc.
On the other side there are people, especially scientists, who are not yet sure, or do not have concrete evidence of the existence of physical beings on other planets—especially planets that are as physical as the Earth.
Are there intelligent physical beings living on other physical planets in the universe? Moreover, if they exist, do they know about mankind? Have they been watching mankind and the Earth evolve/develop over the ages?
In some religious texts, we read about either spiritual or physical beings that have been referred to as: The Guardians of the Earth; The Watchers; sons of GOD; gods. Whoever they really were, they come with different names, and have appeared to different people at different times in the past.
But when it comes to the possible existence of intelligent physical beings in the cosmos, it seems science hasn’t yet found concrete evidence.
On the other hand, science has important information and data that point to likely existence of other human-like physical beings out there in the boundless expanse of the observable universe—the part of the universe that has been visible to mankind via exploratory probes and space-based telescopes.
So, is there life on other planets in the observable universe?
What do religious texts say?
Most religious texts (like the Bible) don’t state precisely whether life exists on other planets. They simply state that God created the heavens and Earth, and put man on the Earth control its affairs.
However, lack of details on the subject does not imply that the Earth is the only planet that has life and physical beings on it. But then, this doesn’t mean there are physical beings and other forms of life out there in the universe.
Apart from the statement in Genesis 1:1 that GOD created the Heavens and the Earth, the Bible also makes a profound statement in Colossians 1:16–17 regarding the possible existence of other types of physical life: “For through him (GOD) were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are on/in the Earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him; And he was in existence before all things, and all things originated through him”—yes, GOD is that mighty!
And no matter how powerful and influential any supposed spiritual or physical beings are in the universe—whether they live in other worlds, or on other planets—GOD created all of them—and it is to him that all the wonders of the universe (including mankind’s advancements and discoveries) should be attributed to.
Another Bible verse better expresses the possibility of physical life in other parts of the universe; Deuteronomy 4:19 states: “And in case you lift up your eyes to heaven and see the sun, the moon, the stars, even all the host of heaven, do not worship them, and serve them…”.
In case mankind discovers other intelligent physical beings on other star systems, it should not worship them, no matter how powerful they may be.
These 2 Bible verses we just quoted simply inform us about the possible existence of either spiritual and physical beings on other star system or worlds which we can only view (albeit partially) from afar with our eyes at night; or which scientists have been able to see partially with the aid of magnifying telescopes or lenses.
What does science say?— scientific stats
Although the existence of other physical beings on other planets has not yet been proven, many scientists believe that life evolved on this Earth, and it could have evolved on other planets, or in other worlds too; if scientists discover or prove the existence of other forms of physical life and beings on other planets, these beliefs will be finally confirmed.
According to many astronomers, the naked human eye can see about 4,500 stars on a clear bright night. And according to science, it is possible view almost 2 million stars via telescopes that make small observatories—in fact, modern reflecting telescopes bring light from thousands and millions of stars in our galaxy (The Milky Way, in which this planet Earth belongs) much closer to human view.
But when such big numbers are compared to the trillions of stars in the immeasurable vastness of the observable universe, they become very small or tiny.
Why? Because the Milky Way galaxy, which is just one out of the trillions of other galaxies, contains between 100 and 400 million stars, and more than 100 billion planets within a radius (distance) of 1½ million light-years—this is equal to 14 quintillion kilometers = 14,000,000,000,000,000,000 kilometers, or 14 × 1018 kilometers. This information is about just 1 galaxy.
Meanwhile, research that was revised in 2016 informs us that the number of galaxies in the observable universe is around 2 trillion (i.e., 2 × 1012) or more.
So, if any number between 100 and 400 million is multiplied by 2 × 1012, one would have a faint idea about the number of stars and planets in the observable universe.
In fact, is widely believed by knowledgeable people that the universe contains more stars than all the grains of sand on planet Earth.
But, what is a light-year? Why aren’t the distances in space measured in meters, kilometers, or miles?
The “light-year” is a unit of distance, which is the distance travelled by light during 1 year. Generally, light is known to travel at a speed of approximately 300,000 kilometers per second (km/s).
So in a year, light can travel for a total distance of about: 300,000 km/s × 60 × 60 × 24 × 365 seconds = 9.461 × 1012 kilometers = 9.461 trillion kilometers; which is around 9,500,000,000,000 kilometers—this is the approximate distance travelled by light in only 1 year.
But why does science use such a large number as a unit of distance?
Well, on Earth, units of distance such as kilometers and miles might be adequate or easier to use in making descriptions.
We all know that it’s easy to type or write the distance between Rosario (Argentina) and Xinghua (China), which is just 19,996 kilometers; also, it would be easy type or write the distance between Marbella (Spain) and Auckland (New Zealand), which is about 19,960 kilometers.
But it would be difficult to always type or write large numbers associated with distances in the vastness of the observable universe.
The thing is that if we consider the distances between the farthest cities apart, and the distances between stars and planets in the observable universe, we would appreciate the use of “light-year” when typing or writing numerical distances that are out of this world.
The “kilometer” is quite small and not so easy to use when making reference to distances in the universe.
For example, the distance between our galaxy and the nearest galaxy (Andromeda Galaxy) is about 2.5 million light-years, which is about 21 quintillion kilometers; that’s 21,000,000,000,000,000,000 kilometers = 21 × 1018 kilometers.
Numbers like this are so large that they make it difficult to always write and interpret. So astronomers use other units of distance such as the light-year, which is approximately equal to 9,500,000,000,000 kilometers.
The astronomer Harlow Shapley once estimated that there are some 100 quintillion (or 1020) stars within the range of man-made telescopes, which have distances of many light-years between them.
Religious texts provide adequate evidence that could satisfy the curiosity of those who are spiritual and need little or no other physical evidence that physical life and intelligent beings exist on other planets, or in other visible or invisible worlds.
On the other hand, scientific studies and stats have proven the existence of atmospheric gases, gravity, flora, and possibly fauna on other planets; it is believed that these conditions can favor the existence of life because they are somewhat similar to the conditions we have here on Earth.
Would life and physical beings be able to exist on other planets just because such planets have life-supporting conditions similar to those of the Earth?
Scientific research has squashed the belief or notion that life and physical beings can only exist on other planets if the conditions of other planets are similar to conditions of this world (planet Earth).
It is a great error to believe that life cannot exist without water and oxygen? Even here on Earth, there are life forms that don’t need oxygen to live—they are called anaerobic bacteria; in fact, oxygen is poisonous to them.
Over the ages, and until a couple of decades ago, research always concentrated on this physical world, and gave laudatory remarks that planet Earth is the ideal planet—but this seems to have been wrong.
Everybody talks about oxygen. Why shouldn’t other forms (probably higher) of life be able to exist without oxygen?
With strong statements from religious texts and scientific stats, it would be difficult to argue against any presumed notion that physical life and intelligent beings are out there in other parts of the observable universe.
Investigations are still going on in many parts of the world, and it is highly probable that the life forms that haven’t been discovered or conceived today, might be discovered by future generations.
Even if we won’t be there to witness it, the world would have to accept the fact then, which had been written a long time ago, as stated in Deuteronomy 4:19: “And in case you lift up eyes to the heavens, and see…even all the host of heaven…do not worship and serve them”.
So, it’s quite clear that mankind or science might discover other hosts in the upper parts of the universe.